Women and world war one

Weapons of World War I Tear gas[ edit ] The most frequently used chemicals during World War I were tear-inducing irritants rather than fatal or disabling poisons. The stocks were rapidly consumed and by November a new order was placed by the French military.

Women and world war one

I began researching and writing The Summer Before The Storm inninety years after the beginning of the Great War and the beginning of the novel.

Ironically, I finished the sequel, Elusive Dawnin November ofninety years after the end of the war - and the end of that novel. So here are some tidbits that surprised, intrigued, amused, or otherwise impressed me during my four years of "living" with the war.

Much of it is conveyed in the novels, but Women and world war one could have written another pages to capture it all! These facts are derived from the many books I read click here to see the listand augmented by information from websites, which can be visited from this page.

There are also relevant links to websites from the following points, so just click on the underlined words. These facts pertain primarily to the Canadians and British.

There was an odd camaraderie and chivalry among aviators from both sides. When a pilot from either side went down behind enemy lines, the "enemy" would drop a note to inform his comrades whether he had been killed in a crash or taken prisoner.

When a renowned pilot died, his erstwhile adversaries would drop a wreath and note of condolence over his airfield. His story is unbelievable and moving. Cecil Lewis in his fascinating autobiography, Sagittarius Rising, mentions flying secretly from France to England for a weekend rendezvous in London.

He says that the RFC attracted adventurous spirits, devil-may-care youth, fast livers, furious drivers, and risk-takers, which invested the Corps with a certain style and mystique.

I have several characters who are pilots in both the Muskoka Novels, and based many of their exploits on the adventures of real aviators.

Pilots were allowed to fly for fun during their time off. A sporting man who could ride a horse and drive a car was considered a good candidate for pilot training. Many recruits had only 2 to 3 hours of flying instruction before being expected to fly solo.

Men were often sent to France having logged only 15 hours in the air. Ambulances were always on standby at training airfields. Flying was extremely stressful and dangerous. Those who lived through the first few weeks acquired skills that helped them live longer or even survive the war.

RFC pilots were not allowed to use parachutes, although the men who were up in observation balloons had them and often used them to escape an attack. Towards the end of the war, German pilots were using parachutes.

On Christmas,there was a spontaneous cessation of hostilities between British and German troops in the front lines.

Women and world war one

Tunnels were dug underneath enemy lines so that explosives could be laid. Sometimes tunnelers from both sides met underground and engaged in hand-to-hand combat. When the British mines laid under the Messines Ridge near Ypres were exploded on June 7,they not only changed the landscape, but could also be heard as far away as Dublin, Ireland.

About 10, German soldiers died instantly in the blast. In his journal Medicine and DutyCanadian doctor Harold McGill mentions that when he arrived in Boulogne France for the first time, he could hear and feel "a low-pitched continuous thudding and rumbling of low intensity but immense volume" - the sound of the guns, which he says was scarcely absent in the three years he spent in France.

The guns could also be heard in England at times, especially during a big assault. The Canadians had a reputation as "storm troops", having initiated trench raids and achieved success on battlefields like Vimy and Passchendaele, which the British and French had failed to take.

There was no discrimination between ranks in Paris, whereas in the British sector of France and Belgium as well as in the UK there were hotels and cafes for officers only as well as brothels in France. The Canadians were better paid than most.

Stretcher-bearers of the 5th Canadian Field Ambulance related that some hotel clerks in Paris were surprised that simple soldiers could afford rooms with baths. The army permitted troops to visit licenced brothels, as sex was considered a physical necessity for the men.

Troops spent relatively little time in the deadly front line trenches. One example showed that an officer and his men spent a total of 65 days in front line trenches and 36 in nearby support trenches during WOA! World Population Awareness is a non-profit web publication seeking to inform people about overpopulation, unsustainability, and overconsumption; the impacts, including depletion of natural resources, water, oil, soil, fertilizers, species loss, malnutrition, poverty, displacement of people, conflict; and what can be done about it: women's advancement, education, reproductive health care.

News about World War II (), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from to The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the regardbouddhiste.com was the most global war in history; it directly .

About Us: Women’s International Center was founded in as a non-profit education and service foundation [c3] with the mission to ‘Acknowledge, Honor, Encourage and Educate Women’.

For more than thirty years at our Living Legacy Awards ceremonies, we have brought hundreds of people together to celebrate the accomplishments and lasting contributions of women. “The end was near.” —Voices from the Zombie War The Zombie War came unthinkably close to eradicating humanity.

Max Brooks, driven by the urgency of preserving the acid-etched first-hand experiences of the survivors from those apocalyptic years, traveled across the United States of America and throughout the world, from decimated cities that once teemed with upwards of thirty million.

Women and world war one

About Us: Women’s International Center was founded in as a non-profit education and service foundation [c3] with the mission to ‘Acknowledge, Honor, Encourage and Educate Women’.

For more than thirty years at our Living Legacy Awards ceremonies, we have brought hundreds of people together to celebrate the accomplishments and lasting contributions of women.

Facts and figures: Ending violence against women | UN Women – Headquarters