The article comprises the following parts: Self-concepts and Self-concept Change: A Status Dynamic Approach "The term stigma, then, will be used to refer to an attribute that is deeply discrediting, but it should be seen that a language of relationships, not attributes, is really needed. Finally, the formulation provides the logical basis for new and very powerful forms of intervention to change the self-concept, which forms are described in the final section of the paper.
Saul McLeodpublished The term self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself.
Baumeister provides the following self-concept definition: The self-concept is an important term for both social and humanistic psychology. Lewis suggests that development of a concept of self has two aspects: The child realizes that they exist as a separate entity from others and that they continue to exist over time and space.
According to Lewis awareness of the existential self begins as young as two to three months old and arises in part due to the relation the child has with the world. For example, the child smiles and someone smiles back, or the child touches a mobile and sees it move.
Just as other objects including people have properties that can be experienced big, small, red, smooth and so on so the child is becoming aware of him or her self as an object which can be experienced and which has properties.
The self too can be put into categories such as age, gender, size or skill. Later, self-description also begins to include reference to internal psychological traits, comparative evaluations and to how others see them.
Carl Rogers believes that the self-concept has three different components: Indeed a person with anorexia who is thin may have a self image in which the person believes they are fat.
Kuhn investigated the self-image by using The Twenty Statements Test. He found that the responses could be divided into two major groups.
These were social roles external or objective aspects of oneself such as son, teacher, friend and personality traits internal or affective aspects of oneself such as gregarious, impatient, humorous. We are all social beings whose behavior is shaped to some extent by the roles we play.
Such roles as student, housewife, or member of the football team not only help others to recognize us but also help us to know what is expected of us in various situations. These are the third dimension of our self-descriptions.
Typically young people describe themselves more in terms of personal traits, whereas older people feel defined to a greater extent by their social roles. Self-esteem the extent to which you value yourself Self-esteem also known as self-worth refers to the extent to which we like accept or approve of ourselves, or how much we value ourselves.
Self-esteem always involves a degree of evaluation and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves. For example, Harrill Self Esteem Inventory is a questionnaire comprising 15 statements about a range of interest. Morse and Gergen showed that in uncertain or anxiety-arousing situations our self-esteem may change rapidly.
Participants were waiting for a job interview in a waiting room. They were sat with another candidate a confederate of the experimenter in one of two conditions: Clean - dressed in a smart suit, carrying a briefcase opened to reveal a slide rule and books.That is, the self-concept is more likely to change by internalizing public behavior than by internalizing behavior that is identical but lacks the interper- sonal context.
Defining The Formation of Self-Concept. Image Source. Self-concept is simply the image that we have. How precisely does this without anyone else's help image shape and change after some time? CHAPTER 15 Self-Concept Identity Identity is an individual’s conscious description of who he is.
A client’s identity is assessed by asking the person to describe oneself. This description of .
Self-concept is the image that we have of ourselves. How exactly does this self-image form and change over time? This image develops in a number of ways but is particularly influenced by our interactions with important people in our lives.
Self-concept tends to be more malleable when people are younger and still going through the process of self-discovery and identity formation. As people age, self-perceptions become much more detailed and organized as people form a better idea of who they are and what is important to them.
Formation & Change - Self-Concept Formation & Change - Self-Concept This assignment is about how a person constructs their self-concept and how they then.