English 'Researching Violence Against Women' outlines the methodological and ethical challenges of researching violence against women and describes a range of techniques that can be used. The study uncovers the forms and patterns of violence against women across these locations and finds that violence from intimate male partners is a major contributor to women's ill-health. English This interagency Statement is a call to all States, international and national organizations, civil society and communities to uphold the rights of girls and women. It calls on those bodies and communities to develop, strengthen, and support specific and concrete actions directed towards ending female genital mutilation.
Ethical considerations Ethical principles in monitoring of laws Monitors should integrate ethical standards involving survivor safety and confidentiality into their procedures for monitoring legislation on violence against women. Standards for ethical research on issues of violence against women include: The safety of interviewees must be paramount.
Participation in research should be strictly voluntary. All identities must be confidential, both in the interview process and in the subsequent report. International human rights must be the foundation of the study.
Monitors should conduct relevant country research. Interviewers should prepare an introduction to the study which Ethical issues in domestic violence the purpose of the study and confidentiality procedures.
Monitors should be impartial, objective, accurate, and patient.
If survivors are interviewed, special considerations should be addressed. Privacy and safety must be paramount. Post-interview support services must be available upon request. See the following section on Ethical issues in interviewing survivors. A Practical Guide for Researchers and ActivistsEthical issues in interviewing survivors Survivors of violence can provide valuable information about how the law is being implemented.
However, monitors must weigh carefully the benefits of obtaining an interview with a survivor with the risks to her of being interviewed; namely, the risks of severe physical harm, losing her job, losing her home, and losing custody of her children.
Valid information about survivor experiences may also be obtained from survivor advocates, attorneys, and medical and social services personnel. If monitors decide to interview survivors, monitors must follow strict ethical standards: Interviews must be conducted in a safe and confidential, and completely private setting.
Informed consent must be obtained; that is, individuals should be informed of the purpose of the study and the nature of the questions which will be asked.
Individuals should be given the opportunity to skip questions or to end the interview at any time. Researching Violence Against Women: Monitors should interview only one woman per household, so that, for example, a female relative of an abuser may not communicate back to him about the nature of the study in which his wife participated.
Strict protocols must be followed in removing identifying markers from data before storage and publication. Interviewers should be female, and trained in ethics and safety as well as question strategy. Questionnaires should be carefully constructed to consider survivor emotions about incidents of violence.
Survey administrators should make post-survey support available upon request.
For more information on safely interviewing survivors of violence, see: In Security Begins at Home: Research to Inform the First National Strategy and Action Plan against Domestic Violence in Kosovomonitors employed a number of measures to ensure an ethical approach: An International Perspective This book compiles the results from an international, comparative survey which documents the experiences of women victims of violence.
The authors interviewed over 23, women in nine countries: It is the only comprehensive survey which takes a crime perspective as opposed to a health perspective. The objectives of the survey included building a centralized database for cross-country analysis and utilizing the data for policy making on violence against women, awareness-raising, and improving the response of both the criminal justice system and the social services sector.
The authors discussed the challenges inherent in the collection of data on violence against women, such as fear of the perpetrator, shame, and cultural attitudes.
They noted that police statistics, often the only source available on prevalence of violence against women, are not reliable due to the under-reporting of the violence and other factors such as police discretion regarding charging of acts of violence and recording incidents.
The survey can be divided into 3 parts: The experience of violence, consequences of violence, and background information. All-female interviewers were trained in the dynamics of violence against women, safety issues for respondents and interviewers, how to present a nonjudgmental and nonbiased demeanor, and how to respond to emotional trauma.
They conducted a combination of telephone and face-to-face interviews. Efforts were made to ensure privacy through flexibility in scheduling and locating the interviews. The authors analyzed the prevalence and severity of the violence against women in the nine countries, the impact upon and consequences for the victims, and their experiences with the criminal justice system.
They presented results on issues including the age, marital status, and socio-economic status of the victims.Encouraging ethical practices is an important way for the State Bar to prevent and discourage attorney misconduct.
This is where you’ll find many resources, including ethics opinions, education programs and research tools that can aid attorneys in the course of practicing law. Photographer Sara Naomi Lewkowicz has continued to document the story of Maggie and her life since November , when she was the victim of a violent attack by her now ex-boyfriend Shane.
Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence Against Women Department of Gender and Women's Health Family and Community Health. Practising Law Institute, PLI, is a nonprofit learning organization dedicated to keeping attorneys and other professionals at the forefront of knowledge and expertise through our Continuing Legal Education Programs, Webcasts and Publications.
Domestic violence may be defined as one or more types of physical, sexual, mental, emotional, psychological or verbal assault perpetuated by one relational partner upon another, typically a spouse or partner in a committed relationship.
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Attorneys representing families and children face ethical dilemmas that are largely unaddressed by the rules of professional conduct. Where rules do address ethical issues in this context.