One informal analysis suggests short first names are strongly correlated with higher salaries. They are bad in several ways, and modern glyphs are little better. For example, v and w, or m and n. People confuse them all the time, both in reading and in writing.
Messenger Dead white men rule the roost at South African and British universities. They preside over open spaces and lecture halls. They clog up reading lists and dominate the syllabus, particularly in subjects like philosophy and English literature.
Sappho, Virginia Woolf and Jane Austen. Outside of the courses I have designed myself, only one person of colour — Naguib Mahfouz — has featured in my required teaching. Academics can suggest additional texts and offer optional modules but not all students will delve deeper in their own time or explore authors not included on the required reading list.
In South Africa and the UK, students who want diverse, transformative education are growing increasingly restive. Their first target was not an author or theorist, but an entirely different sort of dead white man.
Rhodes openly derided black people and foreshadowed the formal introduction of apartheid as far back aswhen he told the Parliament of Cape Town: I hold that the natives should be apart from white men, and not mixed up with them … We fail utterly when we put natives on an equality with ourselves.
The statue, they insisted, was a physical reminder of just how little the institution had changed from the days when it only served white students. Their complaints struck a national chord. These are not new questions.
Calls for transformation are as much a hallmark of higher education as it is a resistance to change. But in the era of social media, student activists are armed with more efficient and powerful tools than ever before.
The message to universities, carried on platforms like YouTube, Tumblr, Facebook and Twitter, is clear: A panel discussion hosted by the University College of London.
After the fall The Rhodes monument seems an apt metaphor for the looming presence of certain authors, texts and narratives in the humanities and social sciences. The problem is that they are not as easily dislodged as statues.
Altering the curriculum is a necessary part of this change. Academics and their students must engage with English being a language born of and sustained by migration and cross-cultural contact both in Britain and overseas.
This narrative must be a central part of the curriculum, from the very beginning of the literary studies degree. We must acknowledge the power structures that have allowed some people to contribute to the canon while keeping others out. These structures have also preserved certain texts while ignoring others.
We must also explain the role universities have played in this selection process. Being familiar with these voices is essential to the kinds of skills cultivated by and assessed in a literary studies degree. It is not an optional extra. Teachers must be retaught.
We tend to reproduce the narratives we absorbed as students, so an ongoing process of research and sharing is crucial if we are to teach differently. There must be space in the core undergraduate curriculum for analyses of whiteness and masculinity, too.
Reading Whiteness in American Literature MA module at the University of Sheffield is a useful template that can be adapted at undergraduate level. Students must have opportunities to produce original research and pursue their own concerns and interests from the outset of their literary studies degree.Consider the following: 1.
Darrell Williams. In , Oklahoma State basketball player Darrell Williams (a promising talent who had left the team in several statistical categories in ) was accused of groping two white women and reaching inside their pants without their consent.
The Shame of Being a Man Steven Connor This is an expanded version of a paper given in the Gender and Sexuality seminar series, Institute of English Studies, 30 November A shortened version appeared in Textual Practice 15 (): The first writer to use the term "classic" was Aulus Gellius, a 2nd-century Roman writer who, In her essay, "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?", The oldest dead white European males and other reflections on the classics.
New York: W.W. Norton. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) counted over people killed or injured by alleged perpetrators influenced by the so-called "alt-right" — a movement that continues to access the mainstream and reach young recruits.
Essay answering the question "Discuss the representations of the relationships between males and females in the last ten years of the twentieth century.
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