Identify various factors that contributed to the start of World War II. Why do you think that attempts by Britain and France to negotiate peace with Germany failed?
The release of these classified documents came a full five years after the announcement by the CIA director, Robert Gatesthat the CIA would declassify and release information on its post Cold War history.
Although most high-level US officials recognized that a hostile government in Guatemala by itself did not constitute a direct security threat to the United States, they claimed to view events there in the context of the growing Cold War struggle with the Soviet Union and feared Guatemala could reduce the influence of US corporations such as United Fruit in the region, and thus reduce US influence.
Decreepassed inthreatened to increase Guatemala's autonomy and create a successful example of land reform in Central America. The anti-communist elements—the Catholic hierarchylandowners, business interests, the railway workers union, university students and the army were prepared to prevent socialism, but apart from the US they had little outside support.
The Bureau of Inter-American Affairsfor example, did not want to present "the spectacle of the elephant shaking with alarm before the mouse.
Although the Department of State position became the official public US policy, the CIA assessment…had support within the Truman administration as well. Armas had been on the CIA's radar for a few years prior to this. In Augusta report discussed an earlier plan, hatched by Armas, to lead an armed revolt against the government.
The report even considered his character, noting that he was "a quiet, soft-spoken officer who does not seem to be given to exaggeration. To accomplish these ends, the United States sought to promote a propaganda "terror campaign" in order to terrify and demoralize both Arbenz and his troops.
Commentators noted that the Arbenz regime was not communist, but progressive and reformist, and the US coup stemmed from American business self-interest, mainly in the fruit sector.
The operation was successful in that President Arbenz was overthrown, however the CIA failed to install a sufficient replacement. In December ofthe Guatemalan Communist Party was legalized in the country, and workers at the United Fruit's Tiquisate plantation filed for seizure of around 50, acres of land.
The source claims that Nicaraguan, Honduran, and Salvadorian would infiltrate Guatemala in civilian clothes and kill unarmed Communist leaders.
This list was compiled in the event of a successful anti communist revolt. This list called for the termination of 58 Guatemalans and the imprisonment of 74 more.
Armas agreed to this plan, however there is no evidence that any of these assassinations actually took place. Part of the psychological warfare included sending death notifications or "death notice cards" to known or suspected communist leaders for 30 consecutive days.
The established sabotage teams or harassment teams were meant to attack local communist leaders and their property. Following that order, they sent Guatemalan leaders coffins, nooses, and faux bombs to intimidate them.
The teams painted propaganda on their houses to disseminate fear i. The CIA and State Department were torn on whether or not assassinations would be necessary to complete this mission. A memo from the Western Hemisphere division suggested assassinating key Guatemalan military officers if they refused to join the rebellion against Arbenz.
By eliminating the leaders it would make it easier for the army to take over. An elaborate plan was created that laid everything leading up until D-Day.D-Day Secret File Primary Source Activity teaches students about Eisenhower’s plans for the largest land invasion in history.
Ten common core questions guide the students through the document and a short, “What if” writing activity follows. Message Drafted by General Eisenhower in Case the D-Day Invasion Failed and Photographs Taken on D-Day Teaching Activities Standards Correlations.
This is a close reading lesson based on the article "Remembering the D-Day Invasion with Salutes, Tears and Friendship." This article focuses on the anniversary of D-Day and the effect it had on soldiers and civilians who experienced the attack. This lesson provides an opportunity for close reading, vocabulary acquisition, and writing a summary.
Specifically, ask students to write a short journal entry in which they show what the leader they chose thought, did, and felt at the end of the day, D-Day, when the British, Canadians, and Americans invaded Normandy.
Their entries will be fictional but must be based on the facts of D-Day and what students know about human nature.
6. The BookRags Lesson Plan on D-Day, June 6, The Climactic Battle of World War II suggests fun classroom activities that get students engaged in . D DAY. Report a problem. This resource is designed for UK teachers.
View US version. Categories & Grades. World War II Reading Comprehension Activity; The Surrender of the Axis Powers in Europe (VE Day) $ 10% off (0) Close/5(16).