Naming[ edit ] The document has carried many names. The Bradford journal records the events of the first 30 years of Plymouth Colonyas well as the reactions of the colonists to those events, and it is regarded by historians as the preeminent work of 17th century America.
William Bradford, the author of Of Plymouth Plantation c.
A Puritan of modest descent and learning, Bradford played a leading role in in the Separatist movement and was elected Governor of Plymouth Colony thirty-one times. The exact date of his birth is not known, but records show that he was baptized on March 19,in Austerfield, Yorkshire, England.
His early life was marked by a series of losses and dislocations. In his mother died, and Bradford moved again, to live with his uncles Thomas and Robert Bradford in Austerfield, where he worked on their farm and likely attended school.
By the time Bradford reached age twelve he had begun attending meetings of Separatists in nearby villages, despite the opposition of his family. At one of the meetings in nearby Babworth, Bradford heard the preacher Richard Clyfton, who would later be an important influence in his conversion to Puritanism.
In Clyfton formed the Separatist congregation in the village of Scrooby, and Bradford became a member. It was among the Scrooby Seperatists that Bradford first met other influential mentors, including William Brewster, who would later become an elder of the church at Plymouth, and John Robinson.
Bradford worked in the textiles industry, and moved with the Scrooby Separatists to Amsterdam and then to Leyden. The following year the first governor of Plymouth, John Carver, died, and Bradford was elected to succeed him.
He held the position untilbut served as an assistant to Governor Winslow and Governor Prence for brief periods during his tenure. In he married Alice Carpenter Southworth, with whom he fathered three children. In Bradford began work on Of Plymouth Plantation, in response, some scholars suggest, to the arrival of the settlers of the nearby Massachusetts Bay Colony.
True to his principles, Bradford instead shared his rights with those who had come with him to New England. Toward the end of his career, however, Bradford came to feel that the young people of the colony did not share those principles. He wrote three dialogues—only two of which have survived, one dated and another from —between the original settlers of Plymouth and colonists born in New England.
In the dialogues Bradford attempts to explain the values of Puritanism and the sacrifices of the founders of Plymouth. From until his death in he also expressed these themes in verse, but neither they nor the dialogues were widely read. The work existed only in manuscript form for two centuries, but was widely circulated.
During the American Revolution the manuscript mysteriously disappeared, possibly stolen from the New England Library by a British soldier. Although Of Plymouth Plantation presents a year-by-year narration of events, it is not a diary or journal but a retrospective in two books.
The first book, written mostly infocuses on the journey of the Pilgrims from England to Amsterdam, then to Leyden, and finally to North America, concluding with the founding of the Plymouth settlement.Excerpts From William Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation With Text-Dependent Questions Students will better understand what led to and what happened during the Pilgrims' journey to America after reading these excerpts from Of Plymouth Plantation.
Bradford’s History of Plymouth Plantation, –47 is a unique source of intimate detail and description of both the sea voyage and the . In this writing, the Puritan philosophy behind William Bradford’s “Of Plymouth Plantation” will be revealed.
Some factors that will be considered include: how Puritan beliefs affect William Bradford’s interpretation of events, the representation of Puritan theology in the above mentioned text, and how Puritanism forms the basis for Bradford’s motivation in writing.
At the top of the original text is Of Plim̃oth Plantation, but newer prints of the text often use the modern spelling, "Plymouth." The text of Bradford's journal is often called the History of Plymouth Plantation.
In Wilberforce's text it is cited as History of the Plantation of Plymouth.
It is also sometimes called William Bradford's Journal. Of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford Rebecca Beatrice Brooks December 12, August 19, 1 Comment on Of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford Mayflower pilgrim William Bradford wrote a detailed manuscript describing the pilgrim’s experiences in the New World, now known as Of Plymouth Plantation, between the years .
William Bradford was among the first Pilgrims to arrive in Plymouth on the Mayflower. He helped write and also signed the Mayflower Compact when the ship arrived in Cape Cod. Bradford was the designated governor of Plymouth from to , except for five years as the Govenor's Assistant.